Los Angeles Location: (310) 208-1384
Search Articles

Recent News
Computer Vision Syndrome: Children and Teens
Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is defined as the complex of eye, vision and body problems associated with excessive computer use. Most parents are rightly concerned about the types of people or subject matter that their children and teenagers mi.... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Causes and Treatments
As discussed in the Introduction article, there are three main areas that contribute to dry eye symptoms: Inadequate tear production Tears that evaporate too quickly from the ocular surfaces Imbalance between the three main components of normal .... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Introduction
There are multiple causes behind the symptoms, so finding the specific cause and the best treatment is not as straightforward as it may seem. Also, the term “dry eyes” may actually be one symptom of other conditions, such as.... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is the term used for a family of eyelid margin disorders that cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching or burning, dryness, crusty lid margins, grittiness, and even the eventual loss of eyelashes. MGD is.... Read More

What's Your Vision "Eye-Q?"
According to a survey done by the American Optometric Association, the first American Eye-Q ™ parents lack important knowledge about eye health and vision care for their children and themselves. Want to see how you do against the original part.... Read More


Browse: A - B - C - D - E - F - G - H - I - J - K - L - M - N - O - P - Q - R - S - T - U - V - W - X - Y - Z

Search by Title:

Search by Categories:

Medical Eyecare
Eye Conditions and Diseases
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Computer Vision Syndrome
Contact Lens Conditions
Cornea and Sclera
Eyelids / Orbit
Lacrimal System
Neurological Disorders
Retinal / Vitreous Diseases
Strabismus and Binocular Vision Disorders
Vision Conditions
Refractive Surgery



Other causes of meibomitis include acne rosacea and blepharitis.


Along the margin of the lids there are a series of small sebaceous glands called the meibomian glands. They create and distribute an oily substance called lipids. Meibomian gland secretions help keep the eye moist and protect the tear film from evaporation. Upon blinking the upper lid comes down presses on the oil and pulls a sheet of oil upwards coating the tear layer beneath to keep it from evaporating. Meibomitis refers to dysfunction and inflammation of these glands. Oil production by the glands decreases and the oils that are produced become thicker (looking like toothpaste). The reduction in the quantity and quality of the oily layer causes the tears to evaporate more rapidly and this leads to symptoms of dryness burning and irritation especially upon awakening.

The number one reason for dysfunction of the glands is because they get clogged up. Although there are many reasons why the glands can become clogged one common cause may be hormonal changes - changes in estrogen levels can cause a thickening of the oils. It has been suggested that changes in estrogen levels also cause a proliferation of staphylococcal bacteria that normally thrive on the ocular surface. These bacteria invade the meibomian glands and colonize there. The double trouble caused by the thickening of the oils plus the bacteria gradually decreases the secretion of oils from the glands.

Other causes of meibomitis include acne rosacea (a skin disease where blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance) and blepharitis (the inflammation of the eyelids associated with a bacterial infection or generalized skin condition).


The following is a list of possible symptoms:

  • swollen/red eyelid margins
  • dryness and burning
  • blurred vision
  • grittiness
  • frequent styes


Meibomitis can be diagnosed during your regular eye examination so there are no special tests required. Depending on the severity of the condition treatment usually consists of both topical and oral antibiotics (usually tetracycline doxycycline or erythromycin) to help break down the thickened lipid secretions. Moreover in order to help restore the function of the meibomian gland you have to keep the oily secretions from solidifying. Warm and moist compresses used 2-3 times a day help melt the lipid “plug” and allow the antibiotics to penetrate the meibomian glands. Lightly massaging the lids with the warm compress will also help to express the solidified oils out of the duct. Another technique in the treatment of meibomitis is the daily use of special eyelid scrubs to reduce debris on the lids and help unclog pores.

Dietary Supplements to help treat Meibomitis

Current research about diet supplementation with Omega-3 fatty acids indicates that they can stabilize inflammation and help restore normal meibomian oils. Omega-3s are essential fatty acids that your body can’t produce – your body must obtain them from your diet. Unfortunately the North American diet is deficient in Omega-3s. The two best sources for Omega-3 fatty acids are fish oil and flaxseed oil. Studies have shown that people with meibomitis when given Omega-3 supplements experience an improvement in the oil layer covering their tear films. Moreover they decrease the inflammation of meibomitis which results in relief from eye irritation upon waking in the morning.