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Computer Vision Syndrome: Children and Teens
Computer vision syndrome (CVS) is defined as the complex of eye, vision and body problems associated with excessive computer use. Most parents are rightly concerned about the types of people or subject matter that their children and teenagers mi.... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Causes and Treatments
As discussed in the Introduction article, there are three main areas that contribute to dry eye symptoms: Inadequate tear production Tears that evaporate too quickly from the ocular surfaces Imbalance between the three main components of normal .... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Introduction
There are multiple causes behind the symptoms, so finding the specific cause and the best treatment is not as straightforward as it may seem. Also, the term “dry eyes” may actually be one symptom of other conditions, such as.... Read More

Dry Eye Symptoms: Meibomian Gland Dysfunction
Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is the term used for a family of eyelid margin disorders that cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching or burning, dryness, crusty lid margins, grittiness, and even the eventual loss of eyelashes. MGD is.... Read More

What's Your Vision "Eye-Q?"
According to a survey done by the American Optometric Association, the first American Eye-Q ™ parents lack important knowledge about eye health and vision care for their children and themselves. Want to see how you do against the original part.... Read More


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Although they are benign xanthelasma are more of a cosmetic concern and patients often elect to have them removed. Xanthelasma are yellowish elongated plaques surrounding the eyelids. These harmless non-cancerous growths are collections of fatty deposits under the surface of the skin. They usually develop around the corners of the upper eyelids though sometimes they can also be observed around the lower eyelids as well. They are typically no bigger than 3 mm in diameter and are often flat and soft in texture. Because of their defined margins and colour xanthelasma are easy to distinguish from other skin features. In some very rare instances abnormally large xanthelasma can interfere with proper eyelid function causing a droopy lid (ptosis) or incomplete lid closure (lagophthalmos).

Xanthelasma are rare in the general population; they are more predominant in women and tend to peak in incidence around 40-50 years of age. In 50% of cases they may be a symptom of elevated cholesterol levels. They may also be associated with underlying metabolic disorders such as diabetes and cirrhosis of the liver. As a result patients with xanthelasma should be tested for total cholesterol levels – low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the bad kind) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (the good kind) — and triglycerides.

Although they are benign xanthelasma are more of a cosmetic concern and patients often elect to have them removed. Treatment options include surgical removal laser ablation liquid nitrogen applications and chemical cautery. Unfortunately despite effective local treatment recurrences can and often do occur.